And the management?
It is always conservative to start with.
1.) Activity modification/trigger prevention.
2.) Rehabilitation protocol that emphasis patello femoral control rather than pure quadriceps strengthening.
3.) Occasionally bracing/correction of associated foot deformities if present.
4.) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NS AIDS).
5.) Surgical intervention is rarely indicated and usually consists of a lateral retinacular release to decompress the patello femoral joint, followed by rehabitilization. No surgery can “cure” the primary anatomical anomaly.